The Marquis returns home early to find that she has discovered the room, and tries to behead her. At the seemingly last moment, the girl’s mother arrives, shooting the Marquis and saving her daughter. With the Marquis now dead, the girl, her mother and the piano tuner go on to live together. I ‘That magic place, the fairy castle whose walls are made of foam’ – naivety of the protagonist, she has unreal expectations of marriage. Isolation and supernatural setting. ‘Saw his dolls break free of their strings’ Objectification of women. The Marquis’s control. “Are you sure you love him? ” “I’m sure I want to marry him. Distortion of love. “Leonine” – motif runs through number of stories, shows men to be predatory and dominant. ” The monocle had fallen from his face. ” – represents the falling away of societal graces, revealing his true nature. “A dozen husbands impaled a dozen brides. ” – Violent imagery of stabbing, sexual connotations serve to repulse and shock the reader, adding to the Gothic. I The Courtship of Mr Lyon I Beauty waits at home for her father who has gotten stuck in a snow storm. Car troubles cause the father to approach the beast’s house, in which he is amazed at its apparent ghost door- letting him in and out.
Appearing that there is no one home, the father turns to leave. Noticing a pure white rose (of which he promised to Beauty but was too poor to purchase) he picks the rose- immediately angering the beast (appearance of a lion’s head), who shakes him for stealing the flower. The father appeals to the Beast, showing him a picture of Beauty. The Beast takes an instant liking to her, and decides that he will help the father regain his wealth on the condition of allowing Beauty to live with him. Beauty doesn’t want to live with the beast, but it unselfish and finds him intriguing. One night the Beast licks her hand and she eels pity for him.
Beast helps the father regain his wealth, and Beauty goes to live with her dad in London, other than sending flowers, Beauty all but forgets about the beast. The beast’s spaniel arrives at Beautys door, and in a panic she travels back to the Beast, who is dying of a broken heart. Beautys tears transform the beast into a man, and it ends with a future shot of Mr and Mrs Lyon walking happily in the garden. I “Outside her kitchen window” & “the snow possessed a light of its own” – Opening scene is domestic (female role) and full of light. Past tense is used to set the storytelling. palladian house” & “atmosphere f a suspension of reality” – Beast’s house is full of unreal luxury, different from the scabby outside; links to the idea that what’s on the outside is different to the inside, and the beast’s transition. Gothic setting = abnormal and sublime. “instinctual shudder of fear” & “she felt herself to be, Miss Lamb, spotless, sacrificial” – Beauty can only relate to the Beast by likening herself to a lamb; weak and innocent, to be consumed. She is aware that she is the ‘sacrifice’ for her father’s wealth. “she saw, with indescribable shock, he went on all fours” – she is surprised by the Beast’s true nature. Mr and Mrs Lyon walk in the garden” – lthough transformed, the Beast keeps his name as a reminder of his true identity. Beauty adopts his name not due to the female role (although some view it as submission) because she too is a strong ‘lion’. I The Tiger’s Bridel Russian nobleman travels to an Italian city with his daughter. The father is a drunken womanising gambler, and begins a card game with the Beast- who is mysteriously disguised. The Beast is smarter than the father, and taking advantage of the fathers foolishness, beats the nobleman, causing him to lose everything.
The father then stakes his daughter’s life in the hope of winning back is fortune, but he loses again. The Beast scolds the nobleman for his lack of care, but a valet arrives the next day to collect the girl. The valet tells the girl that he will repay her father and reward her if she shows the Beast her naked body. She laughs and mocks the request, causing the beast to shed a tear. The next day, she is offered a teardrop earing, which she refuses, and remains quite when proposed again with the nudity request, causing the beast to shed another tear.
The next morning she is presented with yet another earing, which she refuses. She goes out riding with the Beast, where he reveals his true animal form, oving her and causing her to reveal her nudity. Through a magic mirror, she sees that the Beast kept his word and that her father is again wealthy. She decides to stay with the Beast, sending the clockwork servant to her father in her place. She strips again but wears the earrings. Approaching the Beast, the earrings turn back into tears as the Beast licks away her human flesh to reveal the animal fur beneath.
I “My father lost me to The Beast at Cards” – ownership and oppression of women. “Ripped petal by petal apart” – white rose represents purity, her ripping of it shows her empowerment and a rejection of her ‘damsel in istress’ status. Also impresses the idea of deflowering, a loss if purity. “My master’s sole desire is to see the pretty young lady unclothed, nude without her dress” – without her clothing she becomes simply an object… highlighting male desire for sex not pleased I was to see I struck the beast to the heart” – empowerment over the beast, role reversal. struck’ makes it seem like a physical pain, but it is in fact an emotional one. “He paced out the length and breadth of his imprisonment” -he appears imprisoned by his own violent and dominant personality, he is sensitive on the inside and wants to break out. “The amb must learn to run with the Tigers” – suggests the idea of women adapting themselves to fit into men’s ideals. Also imagery of the heroine shedding her society role (like sheep) and embracing her true nature. “And yet the Beast goes always masked” – mask motif, Carter suggests that people should learn to look deeper and appreciate the person behind the mask.
I The Snow Child I While riding through the snow, the count wishes to his wife that he had a girl ‘as white as snoW, they then come up to a hole filled with blood, and the count wishes that he had a girl ‘red as blood’. The Count and Countess then see a raven, and he ishes that he had a girl ‘as black as that birds feather. The girl then magically appears, and the count lifts her onto his saddle, inciting jealousy within the Countess- who tries to get rid of the girl. She drops her glove, asking the girl to fetch it, determining to gallop away.
The count doesn’t let the girl go, instead offers to buy his wife a new pair. As the Count’s affection changes, the Countess’s clothing starts to appear on the naked girl. The wife then expects the girl to go swimming in the ice cold lake to fetch her brooch, but the count refuses. The Countess’s boots then fly off her only to land on the girl’s feet. The count begins to feel sorry for his wife. The wife then asks the girl to pick her a rose, to which the count agrees. The girl pricks her finger, bleeding and the dying in the snow. The count then proceeds to have sex with her dead body.
After which her body melts, returning her to her original state- feather, blood etc. The count returns his affection to his wife, handing her the rose- she claims ‘it bites’. I “Midwinter- Invincible, immaculate” – cold, inhospitable. Pathetic fallacy, isolation. “glittering pelts of black foxes” – break in the immaculacy, extravagance of the countess. “Red as blood. – Motif runs throughout the bloody chambers collection. “At that the furs sprang off the countess’s shoulders and twined round the naked girl” – Signifying the counts change in affection, worldly possessions portray his control and objectifying. the countess hated her. ” – her jealousy is a metaphor for women trying to break the constraints of male desirability. Male patriarchy, for women have to compete against other women for male affection. “So the girl picks a rose; pricks her finger on the thorn; bleeds; screams; falls. “- rose is a strong motif. Imagery acts as a metaphor for her loss of purity- blood oss of virginity which is what makes her desirable to the count. “the count got off his horse, unfastened his breeches and thrust his virile member into the dead girl. – Shocking imagery shows how women are used by men, and once her purity is taken she may as well be dead. “Then the girl began to melt . ” – snow acts as a metaphor for society, covers up male wrongdoing, dragging the girl with it. “lt bites! ” – countess accepts his love (the rose), but love hurts- the knowledge of what the count did to her hurts, but she gets what she wants, male attention. I The Lady of the House of Love The daughter of Nosferatu, a vampire, lives in a astle in an abandoned Romanian village, wearing her dead mother’s bridal gown.
Her only company her governess who sends for young male victims, and a caged lark. She is lonely, and hates living as a vampire. The only way of passing time is playing with her tarot cards- they always spell out her destiny of “wisdom, death, dissolution”, an irreversible fate. The governess finds unsuspecting male victims bathing in the town’s fountain, and brings them back for the Countess, who always regrets feasting on them. A young British soldier, representing change and time due to him being a virgin and a young soldier, rides a bicycle nto the town and is invited to the castle.
Entering the castle grounds, he finds them scary and ghost like, but convinces himself that he is being irrational and continues. He enters the Countess’s chamber, and is charmed by her sad beauty, however finds her image slightly obscene. The soldier’s face has the same effect as sunlight on the countess, and she knocks over her cards in distress- forced to wear sunglasses in his company. The soldier picks up the cards and rearranges them. The Countess displays her intent to kill him, even though the soldier is uneasy, he is not afraid as he is not controlled by superstition.
When trying to undress for the soldier, the Countess shakes and cuts herself on a shard of glass- the soldier ‘kisses it better’ and they enjoy a night together. He wakes to find the lark free and the countess dead- hunched over her tarots with a single rose. Now that she is dead, he thinks she looks imperfect (human) and therefore beautiful. He is ushered out the castle by the governess, returning to the barracks by bicycle. He finds the rose in his pocket and nurtures it back to health, the next day he is sent to war in France. “The castle is mostly given over to ghostly occupants” – Gothic setting, death, superstition.
Isolation of the female. “She is so beautiful she is unnatural; her beauty is an abnormality” – ‘femme fatale’, societys influence of what is beautiful. She is too perfect, causing her to look abhuman. “Cards on the table show the Grim Reaper” – Gothic, representation of death- tarots control her fate. ‘Roses bloomed on enormous thickets” – rose motif= passion, love and lust, desire, virginity and innocence. “Dealt herself a hand of love and death. ” – prediction of the fUtUre, foreshadowing. Idea of fate, supernatural. The combination of love and death. Birdlike, predatory claws hich tipped her marvelous hands” & “Her claws and teeth have been sharpened on centuries of corpses” – Animal, predatory imagery, abnormal, femme fatale, societal reversal. Oxymoronic- claws vs. hands. “Suivez-moi, Je vous attendais, Vous serez ma proie. ” – follow me, I await you, you will be my prey. “ln death she looked far older, less beautiful, and so for the first time, fully human. ” – in death she regains her humanity. “How can a bicycle ever be an implement of harm? ” – innocent, no threat, juxtaposition with the men from the other stories.
Bike is a metaphor for science and rationality, the ‘new age’ and is the complete contrast o the countess. “Her beauty is a symptom of her disorder” – social expectation of women to be beautiful, reversal of social norm- beauty is normally good. Suggests she suffers from an ailment… I The Werewolf I A young girl is sent into the forest to visit her grandmother. While on her way, she hears a wolfs cry, and is soon attacked by the wolf. Fighting it, she manages to cut off its paw, scaring the wolf away. She carries the wolfs paw in a cloth with her to her grandmother’s cottage.
When arriving at the cottage, the girl finds her grandmother in bed with a fever- she shakes out the cloth holding the paw to ake a compress. Rather than a wolf paw falling out, the young girl finds a hand which she recognises as her grandmother’s due to the wart on it. Using all of her strength, the girl pulls back the covers to reveal her grandmother’s severed arm. Hearing the girl’s cry, the neighbours rush in, accuse the grandmother of being a witch and stone her to death at the edge of the forest. The girl stays and lives in the grandmother’s house.
I “It is a northern country; they have cold weather, they have cold hearts” & ‘To these upland woodsmen, the Devil is as real as you or l” – superstitious area, fear manifests into reality? Isolated community, gothic setting. ‘But the child was strong, and armed with her father’s hunting knife’ contrast in female representation, she is able to defend herself. “lt came onto snow so quickly” – once again, snow is used as a protection for evil, hiding secrets. Isolation and desolation. “But it was no longer than a wolfs paw but a hand” – metamorphic theme, embrace of natural side. “… they strip the crone, search her for marks…
They soon find it. Then they stone her” & “she knew it for her grandmother’s hand” & “pelted her with stones until she fell down dead” – highlight of fear of the old in their society. All should be trying to help her, but it is easier to kill her. I The Company of Wolves I The story is split into two parts; the first is folk tales of wolves, the other the specific story of ‘Little Red Riding Hood’. Set in the dead of winter, in a forested mountainous country, people are terrorized by ruthless wolves. Although the wolves cannot listen to reason, they are clever, and some are ‘more than they seem’.
Told the story of a man who thought to trap a wolf in a pit, and after having mutilated the beast, he looks at the corpse which has transformed into a man. Another story is told of a man who isappears on his wedding night, returning years later to find his wife remarried with children. Turning back into a wolf, he attempts to eat the children, only to be killed by the new husband. The wife cries at the sight of her old lover, but the narrator explains that the man must have wanted to become a wolf- must collaborate with the devil and strip naked.
Second story starts, following a young blonde girl travelling to her sick grandmother with a basket of food. Even though she understands that it is the barren months and that she should fear the wolves, she is unafraid, and makes the 2 hour journey in her red cloak. Although he carries a knife, due to her cherished upbringing, she has not felt hate or grown up too quickly, and therefore doesn’t fear anything. She hears a wolfs howl, but meets a friendly hunter who accompanies her. She trusts him, and they make a bet on who can get to the cottage first, the winner getting a kiss.
The hunter rushes to grandma’s house, eating raw meat. Once there, he imitates the girl and the grandmother lets her in. He strips and then devours the grandma, dressing in her clothes. The girl dawdled as to lose the bet, and when she arrives she questions the wolf (‘my what big… ‘). The man then point out the wolves utside, which she pities for being cold. She strips and throws her clothes in the fire, and then begins undressing the hunter, kissing him. The wolves howl a wedding song, and it ends with her sleeping on her grandma’s bed between the paws of the wolf.
I mne forest closed on her like a pair of jaws” – personification of the forest, animal imagery. Supernatural isolation. ‘She knew she was nobody’s meat’ – Reversal of the female role and objectification of women. Animal imagery of ‘meat’. Colloquial term. “One beast and only one howls in the woods at night” reference to men ‘prowling for young women. If you spy a naked man among the pines, you must run as if the Devil were after you” – it is man women should fear, they are the wild beasts. Supernatural. “She is an unbroken egg; she is a sealed vessel” – idea of women as fragile and innocent, youthful.
Women used purely as a ‘vessel’ for childbirth. “When he had finished with her… the wooden chest in which he found a clean pair of sheets” – sounds sexual, suggesting that this is all men want. “Sweet and sound she sleeps in granny’s, between the paws of the tender wolf’ – the girl is no longer a victim, a power shift in the relationship- she has nothing to fear. Red shawl, if brilliant look of blood on snow” – red on snow is a recurring motif, innocence etc. “So a wolf he instantly became” – supernatural, metamorphic, animal. Symbol of men giving into their natural urges. He’s as cunning as he is ferocious… ” – anthropomorphism, it is unclear if it is man with wolf qualities or vice versa. I Wolf- Alice I A young girl is raised by wolves, becoming feral. She is found and brought back into human society. The nuns charged with her care find her intolerable, treating her cruelly, they eventually hand her over to the Duke – who is a werewolf with vampire qualities. The Duke ses her as a servant, and she uses the little training’ provided to her by the nuns, remaining ignorant of the Dukes true nature.
The girl is bewildered by her first menstrual cycle and through this begins to discover her true identity as her body begins to change and mature. Finding a white dress, she decides to wear it, she finally recognises her reflection as herself, a girl, rather than a stranger. Meanwhile, the Duke is out hunting as a wolf, and is injured by the widow of one of his previous victims. The girl finds him and tends to his wounds, during this he transforms back into the Duke and recovers his identity and humanity. Moonlit and white, Wolf-Alice looked at herself in the mirror… – mirror motif for revealing the truth, she finally sees her humanity. Moon has light connotations- purity. “Nothing about her is human except she is not a wolf’ – she is an outsider, struggling with her identity. Lines between her natural and human side are blurred. “Like the wild beasts she lives without a fUtUre. ” – foreshadowing. Shows societys emphasis on being civilized. “Her pace is not our pace. ” – Society looks at what sets us apart, not our similarities. “picking lice from each other’s pelts” – quality between man and woman once natural side is embraced.