Zeus stayed impartial throughout almost the entire epic in contrast to the Other gods, Who would scheme and contrive plans for the sides that they chose to ally with. For example, Hear, his wife, chose to display the more typical actions off Greek divinity. Paris, a Trojan prince, chose Aphrodite as the fairest over Hear and Athena, and this infuriated her, and she went to no end to try to help the Greek army defeat the Trojan side, However, Hear recognizes the superiority of Zeus over herself as well as the rest of the Olympian gods.
Hear is obviously the subservient god, even becoming afraid and ceasing speaking when Zeus orders her under the possible occurrence to him laying his “invincible” hands on her. She does try to undermine his power by trickery, slyly getting him to sleep while her and her brother, Poseidon, god of the seas, influence the war in the favor of the Greeks (Homer, 201). However, when Zeus awakens, his reemergence into the picture effectively eliminates the other gods from interВ»engine in the war due to his sheer will and backing power. This is another of your evil schemes, you unmanageable creature! ‘ said Zeus (Homer, 210). Mayo shall soon find out if you get any good by your loving and your bedding and by coming all this way to deceive me! ” (Homer, 210). The opposing gods were mainly Apollo and Artemisia, twin brother and sister. They favored the Trojan side, and were constantly turning the tide in favor Of the Trojan. Apollo respected Zeus and his enforcing of the laws of fate, however, and kept fate as it was deemed to be.
An example Of this is when Achilles’ servant, Patrols, tries to take the city of Troy. Before Patrols was allowed to wear Achilles’ armor into battle, he promised only to drive the Trojan away from he ships and not to take an offensive against the city of Troy. Only the reflection of Patrols by Polio’s shield three times prevents this. This lack of moderation shown by Patrols, as well as the deeming of death before the end of battle by fate, granted by Zeus, leads to his death.
Patrols replied, half fainting “For this once, Hector, make your proud boast; for you are the victor, by help of Zeus and Apollo, who mastered me an easy thing” (Homer, 245). Zeus serves as an enforcer of fate in the epic, giving no ground to anyone, even his blood relatives, Zeus also shows no mercy to mortals in The Iliad. His own son, Sarandon, was allowed to die at the hands of Patrols while Zeus looked on, unwilling to break fate and save even his own son. Zeus was debating whether or not to take him trot the battlefield, but Hear convinced him by expressing the feelings other gods would have, namely anger.
She told him that he would not be praised and that other gods would possibly take their loved ones out of battle as well, Zeus was confined to his own sorrow because he was not willing to take his son out of the battle. Zeus was able, however, to have Apollo take his body from the battlefield and aka him back to Alkyl, where he could be buried as a hero. Zeus also wanted a respectable and honorable death for Hector, the Trojan hero, and was infuriated when Achilles decided to desecrate the body of Hector.
This epic ends when Hectors body is ransomed back to the Trojan side to the pleasure of Zeus, making prevalent the presence of all-powerful Zeus. Zeus has an overriding presence in The Iliad, sometimes not directly present, but always in the mix. He is the only presence in the epic that stresses the Greek ideals of moderation and fate. The Greeks believed in the ideal Of moderation, and the essence that adoration was the key to becoming a better person. Fate also could not be avoided in the eyes Of the Greeks, and when fate was trifled With, bad things happened, as they did when fate was trifled with in The Iliad.
The presence of Zeus in the epic affected every action taken or avoided in some shape, way, or form, His allowance of other gods intervening in the war at times strengthens the idea that he is all-seeing and all-powerful, due to the fact that the other gods’ intervention inevitably led fate back onto its original course. In the eyes of the Greeks, the Trojan War was a spectacular event to the mortals, but to the gods, t was nothing more than a mere petty struggle, However, the idea of fate must be kept under all circumstances, and Zeus was the overseeing power in that ensured this in WV he Iliad. While Zeus’ role in the Iliad can be viewed as more passive or submissive, his role in Hosier’s creation myth “Pandora” can only be viewed one way: oppression. When Zeus, the king of the Olympian gods, was young and trying to establish his rule, he was challenged by a group of ferocious Titans, who tried to keep him from gaining power. A long and terrible war ensued, with all the Olympian gods owned against the Titans, who were led by Crocus and Atlas (Moored, 76). After ten years of fighting, and with the help of the Cyclopes and the Hysterectomies, Zeus and his fellow Olympian defeated the Titans.
Only a few Titans, including Themes, Prometheus and his brother Euphemisms, fought on the side of Zeus – against their fellow Titans – and once Zeus wan, he rewarded them. But soon Prometheus made Zeus very angry by stealing fire from Mount Olympus and giving it to the race Of mortal men living on earth, Who were cold and hungry. Zeus had warned Prometheus not to give fire to men, and was outraged that anyone had the nerve to ignore his command. In the Theosophy (507-616) Hissed tells the stories of Prometheus and his conflict with Zeus, with the human race as the pawn in this gigantic clash of divine wills.
Hissed goes on to describe the dread consequence of Zeus’ anger at Prometheus for his theft of fire (Theosophy 570-616): Immediately he contrived an evil thing for mortals in recompense for the fire, The renowned lame god, Hyphenates, fashioned out of earth the likeness to a modest maiden according to the will of the son of Crocus. When he had fashioned the beautiful evil in compose tort the blessing to tire, he led her out where the other gods and mortals were, exulting in the raiment provided by the gleaming-eyed daughter of a mighty father. Unlike his role in ‘The Iliad,” Zeus is now acting in a state of vengeance.
Hissed provides another account of Prometheus in the Works and Days (47-105); the evil is now specifically named. She is Pandora, which means, “All gifts,” and she has a jar. Zeus is viewed as the oppressor to mankind in “Pandora,” while Prometheus can be viewed as the benefactor. Pandora was created for one reason, to punish mankind as a goal for revengeful Zeus. Zeus cannot and will not tolerate anybody going behind his back for any circumstances. He will go to such great lengths to ensure he remains the leader of all Gods, again, showing the pride he has for himself. Room the beginning he was faced with Opposition, and once he overcame that, he proved his worth. For the rest of his life, he was not going to let anyone be Of aggravation to him. Another side of the many faces of Zeus is shown in William Butler Yeats’ poem Lead and the Swan. The poem is based on the mythological Story about the rape of Lead, a mortal woman who was married to the mortal man, Tenderness, but the odd of gods, Zeus, wanted to have her. Zeus was known for taking advantage of women by posing as various animals, like a bull, or like objects, such as a shower of gold.
When he chose to have Lead, he took the form of a swan. The poem tells of the actual situation of Zeus having sex with Lead in the shape of a swan. The lines “How can those terrified vague fingers push the feathered glory from her loosening 25) show that his power is far greater than hers, and she cannot tight to stop him, and “A shudder in the loins engenders there” (Yeats, 25) describes Lead becoming pregnant with Helen, who is to come the most beautiful woman alive, and is courted by thousands of men.
Zeus has many affairs with beautiful women and goddesses, even if they are unwilling. Even though he hides his evil intentions in the form off swan, he will stop at nothing to accomplish his goals, and takes great pride in doing so. To try to put an explanation on all of Zeus’ actions would be an impossible task, as classical scholars and philosophers have dedicated entire lives to it. My interpretation of all of Zeus’ actions seems to have one underlying theme, and that is Zeus is a very prideful person. He is the Supreme Being among the gods Of Olympia.