The Forces of Achilles in the Iliad Thesis Simons Well’s portrayal of the forces within the Iliad shows violence reducing its conveyer and its heirs to mere objects and Achilles being the embodiment of the force©s multivalent meaning as it develops from violence to a gallant virtue.
This can be interpreted from Achilles first being introduced as the archetype off caustic potency but soon realizes that his true force is greater than the simple martial dominance over another when he self-imprisons himself within his tent. When Achilles is not present in the theater Of war, force is shown to be the Seibel fury of the Greek leader and the parenthetic interval in time because the plot is awaiting his reappearance in combat.
During the absence of Achilles, time is measured neurologically through the Greeks lacking leadership and the dominance that Hector and the Trojan hold through their violent force; meanwhile, for Achilles, force becomes a moral virtue with friendship as a stake in the war through his combined losses of Bruises, Agamemnon, and Patrols to the Trojan; thus, leading to his decision of abandoning his self-imprisonment and returning to the municipal tooth Greeks.
His kind-heartiness towards Prima opens Achilles to a moral outlook of forces as a valiant quality and the reader toward a aspect of time within the narrative; consequently, making the future become the caring factor of Achilles as he makes his way towards the end of narrative. Strong Point The strong point of “The forces of Achilles in the Iliad” is found when Champagne elaborates on the five stages of force associated with the character of Achilles; the first being a direct result from Achilles’ decision to withdraw from the battleground and the next four being more humane expansions of the psychological interpretation Of force.
In the first interpretation Of force, force is seen as a destructive might due to the following reasons: 1) the Iliad is a violent epic where one hundred and fifty Trojan and forty-four Greeks, by name, are killed within storyline; 2) Achilles’ decision to withdraw from war due to an internal wrath leads to the force inspiring Hector and the Trojan to become increasingly violent as the Greek’s marital leader is absent from the frontline; and 3) the art of war inspires a primitive admiration for a man who kills his enemy which gives birth to the forcing logic of “killed or be killed. The second interpretation of force depicts it as being that of potential which is mostly supported by the Achilles’ position commanding the respect of his troops which elaborates on how the Greeks not only need him as a profound warrior but also as a moral vigor, According to Cohen, when Achilles chose to sulk in his tent, there was social suffering and Homer goes on to note that the Greeks need him as a hero because he unites a group of troops who speak a thousand different tongues.
Without their marital leader, the Greeks lack the driving force to enter combat and face to overwhelming Trojan forces. The third portrayal of force within the article is that of time which is expressed as the “force of age. ” This is best portrayed during the moment of Achilles’ hiatus where time seems to stop which delays the rhythm of the narrative. It is at this moment of times standstill that the Greeks and Trojan share a common desire, the end Of the ten year war and yearn for friendship praying “let our pacts of friendship all hold fast” (Hornier Ill 379).
The fourth portrayal Of force is that Of moral vigor Of inter- personal respect. This is best portrayed in the following fashions: 1) the moment when Achilles declares a truce in violence With a holiday and games in memory of Patrols; 2) the moment when Aphrodite and Apollo intervene to prevent Achilles from desecrating the body of Hector; and 3) when Achilles elects to be compassionate towards King Prima after begging Achilles to leave the body of Hector.
It is said that this compassion came about because Achilles was stirred to reflect about his own departed father after hearing Prisms words for his ate son. The fifth and final portrayal of force in the Iliad is that of adaptability; the strength of being able to recognize the rejuvenating power of compassion, Towards the end of Homers story, Achilles is no longer the same individual; he is no longer the wrathful, sullen warrior that the reader first encountered. Achilles’ compassion provides affirmation that attenuates the violence of Hectors death and through his hospitality toward prima, he finds a new life and a way of recover internal strength after the dissipation of his external strength n his revenge of the death of Patrols It is through the realization of force as a virtue that Achilles finally is allowed to escape his literal and metaphorical imprisonments which allows him to contribute to the modeling of his heroism to the development of his community’ (Champagne 75-76).
Weak Point The weak point of the article is not the content itself but simply how content is supported. Though talking about how forces can alter ones destiny and time itself serves as an interesting read, the writer does not turn to other interpretations of Iliad and only critiques the work of Simons Well. Though the critic does refer to authors such as Whitman, Benjamin, Cohen, and many others, he only does so support his thesis and statements; therefore, making the article to be quite biased.
Critical Approach The article of ‘The Forces of Achilles in the Iliad” is an archetypal criticism for the reason being that it follows the theme to force being the foundation for which individuals make their decisions; therefore, leading the justification of the social behavior found within the context of the Iliad and beyond Basically, explaining the reasoning and the influence of an individual’s decision.