Vietnam War

Vietnam is located in Southeast Asia. It lies south of China. The size of this country, so you understand the space the U.S. was involved in when fighting the Vietnam War, is about the size of California.
The history behind the Vietnam War started back when France governed this small country, during the 1890s Vietnam became a colony of France. The French hung onto Vietnam until World War II. At this time World War II occupied much of the forces for the French. The French basically deserted the Vietnamese people leaving them to govern on their own. When the war ended with the Japanese, being defeated in 1945. The French returned to Vietnam ready to control them again but, to their surprise the Vietnamese people refused to let them. As a result of this, tension grew and the Indochina War began in 1946.
The French wasted no time in bombing cities. The city hit hardest was Haiphong, killing around six thousand Vietnamese people and civilians. Unprepared for this type of war the Vietnamese soldiers scattered into the jungle becoming guerrilla fighters. Waging guerrilla warfare, small, secret military bands lived and worked in the countryside. The Vietnamese harassed the French with a series of surprise attacks. Before the French could react, the Vietnamese would disappear into the mountains and jungles. This continued and the French poured more and more money and troops into the combat. In 1954, the French were determined to lure the Vietnamese out into the open at Dien Bien Phu.
Dien Bien Phu was where the French had established an airstrip, for most of their supplies would arrive by helicopters or planes. This became the last battle in the Indochina War. The Vietnamese were determined and ready for this challenge. When this battle started there were huge casualties on both sides. The Vietnamese took out the airstripfirst, only allowing the French to drop supplies and food to the soldiers. Most of the time the supplies landed…


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