“The tragic'fireball in the night' imagined by Jefferson had finally
rung. The Missouri Compromise had failed. Proslavery and antislavery
civilians clashed in the streets and took up arms. Thousands of Northerners
were willing to die for their beliefs. The Civil War had begun. The states
were at war with each other.” This dividing battle between the North and the
South was unavoidable. The Civil War was caused by economic, political and
moral problems. It all started by an alarming increase in a need for cotton,
which triggered the building of a barrier between two territories in a growing
New Machinery was changing the textile industry in New England and
Britain. These mills needed more and more cotton, creating a new demand in
the south. For this trade with Europe, after 1812, raw cotton accounted for
one-third all cotton exports of the United States. By 1830, it increased to half.
Cotton quickly became a big money-making cash crop for the South and
North economy alike. But the demand also revived the need for slaves. The
plantations had to be worked, and blacks were a cheap, efficient wayto get
the cotton picked. To make their jobs easier, Eli Whitney took advantage of
the new idea, and invented the cotton gin(short for engine). It rapidly cleaned
the seeds from the short, sticky fibers of upland cotton, the variety that grew
all over the South. The process was simple: a roller carried raw cotton along
wooden slats. Sharp metal teeth thrust through the slats and quickly pulled the
fibers from the seeds. In 1794, he obtained a patent. Whitney still earned little
because it was simple enough for manufacturers to copy. Even though the
machine made attaining cotton faster,slaves were still pushed to work harder
Blacks under captivity certainly led a harsh, unfair l


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