Shelters for Eternity: Ancient

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This is the lecture about ?§Shelters for Eternity: Ancient Egyptian Coffins and Sarcophagi?. The lecturer is Aidan Dodson from the University of Bristol. He talked about how the early dynasties in Egypt used to let the mummy lie of the left side of the rectangular coffins. And inside the rectangular coffins it had drawings of the maps of the underworld. It indicates some kind of magical machine, which could transfer the life from this world to the next world. There were also some painted offerings inside the coffin for the dead.
Thefirst Anthropoid coffin, ( first human looking coffin) was made around the 12th dynasty, they are wonderfully decorates, it contains an extended mask coffin covering the whole body and also a helmet mask for the head.
In the late Middle Kingdom, the color of the coffins changed from yellow wood to black color, because black indicates resurrection. Moreover, the coffin sculpture had more arch on it. During the 17th Dynasty revolution, the Egyptians abandon the use of rectangular coffins, and most of them they use the anthropoid coffins. The archeologist had a big discovery that during the 17th Dynasty, the mummies lie of their back rather than on their side. In the 18th Dynasty, the most popular coffins were in the style of birds. They were all detailed work and carved feathers on coffins. The pair of eyes, which is now painted on both sides of the coffin because the mummy no longer lie of one side of the coffin. There came a few white colored coffins, they only lasted for thefirst few reigns in the 18th Dynasty. After that, the Egyptians switched back to the old black color, which again means rebirth, regeneration etc.
The coffins were painted in black and the text on it would be in gold. Richer individuals would paint with lots of gold, but for the poorer people, the will use yellow paint instead. One interesting fact was that, the coffins were not painted in black in the factory; only g…