Pompeii was an exciting town of 20,000 inhabitants, sitting barely a mile away from the foot of Mt Vesuvius.After the eruption of Vesuvius, Pompeii was buried beneath 15 feet of pumice and ash.This helped to preserve the remains of Pompeii over the years.The excavations by Al-Cubierr, Winkelmann and Fiorelli proved that Pompeii's citizens lead a social, political and economical lifestyle.
19th century archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli introduced some of the highest standards of excavation at Pompeii.He invented the plaster cast technique for reconstructing the buried victims of Pompeii.The fine details of the plaster cast showed the different types of clothing and facial expressions.The victim's skeletons also provided information on health, age, sex and living standards.These methods proved to be a reliable source of evidence.
The city plan shows us the different types of buildings that they had and how they were situated.The different buildings include; Forums – political debates and religious ceremonies were preformed,Basilica (town hall) – for legal and government business, Temples – were dedicated to their Gods, Amphitheatres –Blood sport stadiums, Theatres – held drama performances, Palaestra (gym) – For physical fitness, Thermae (public baths) – Cleansing and socializing atmosphere, and Tombs and Commercial areas for the markets and stores.The streets and roads divide the town into rectangular blocks called insulae.The narrow alleyways, roads and building ruins can still be seen in Pompeii.The three types of Pompeii houses were the atrium house (simplest house), atrium peristyle (verandahs and porches), villas (expensive and luxurious) and apartments (rented rooms).The excavation of the Tragic Poets house showed that it was renovated by a wealthy owner in the last years of Pompeii.


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