Penal System

The U.S. Penal System

Prison inmates, are some of the most “maladjusted” people in
society. Most of the inmates have had too little discipline or too
much, come from broken homes, and have no self-esteem. They are very
insecure and are “at war with themselves as well as with society”
(Szumski 20). Most inmates did not learn moral values or learn to
follow everyday norms. Also, when most lawbreakers are labeled
criminals they enter the phase of secondary deviance. They will admit
they are criminals or believe it when they enter the phase of
secondary deviance (Doob 171). Next, some believe that if we want to
rehabilitate criminals we must do more than just send them to prison.
For inezce, we could give them a chance to acquire job skills; which
will improve the chances that inmates will become productive citizens
upon release. The programs must aim to change those who want to
change. Those who are taught to produce useful goods and to be
productive are “likely to develop the self-esteem essential to a
normal, integrated personality” (Szumski 21). This kind of program
would provide skills and habits and “replace the sense of
hopelessness” that many inmates have (Szumski 21).

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Moreover, another technique used to rehabilitate criminals is
counseling. There is two types of counseling in general, individual
and group counseling. Individual counseling is much more costly than
group counseling. The aim of group counseling is to develop positive
peer pressure that will influence its members. One idea in many
sociology text is that group problem-solving has definite advantages
over individual problem-solving. The idea is that a wider variety of
solutions can be derived by drawing from the experience of several
people with different backgrounds. Also one individuals problem might
have already been solved by another group member and can be suggested.
Often if a peer proposes …


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