Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii at 8:00 am
The President at this time was Franklin D. Roosevelt
Cordell Hull- Secretary of the State
Husband Kimmel- Commander and Chief of the Pacific Fleet
General George C. Marshall- Chief of Staff
Yama Moto- Incoming commander and chief
Genda- Japanese piolet- Developed plan to bomb Pearl Harbor
Embargo- America withheld imports and exports such as oil and cotton from Japan
Tri- Partite pack- Japan Becomes the third member of the axis alliance.
Early in the morning of December 7, 1941, Japanese submarines and carrier-based planes attacked the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor. Nearby military airfields were also attacked by the Japanese planes. Eight American battleships and 13 other naval vessels were sunk or badly damaged, almost 200 American aircraft were destroyed, and approximately 3,000 naval and military personnel were killed or wounded. The attack marked the entrance of Japan into World War II on the side of Germany and Italy, and the entrance of the United States on the Allied side.
Soon after the attack, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed a commission of inquiry to determine whether negligence had contributed to the success of the Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor. The commission’s report found the naval and army commanders of the Hawaiian area, Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel and Major General Walter C. Short, guilty of ;derelictions of duty; and ;errors of judgment;; the two men were subsequently retired. Other later inquiries, however, differed in their conclusions. The Congress of the United States, in an effort to dispose of the controversy, decided on a full, public investigation after the war.
The bipartisan congressional committee opened its i


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