Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor has become a memorial to Americans all over the United
States.Pearl Harbor is an inlet of the island of Oahu, Hawaii, about 6 miles
west of Honolulu, and the site of one of the principal naval bases of the United
States. The governmentfirst obtained exclusive use of the inlet and the right to
maintain a repair and coaling station for ships here in 1887. The harbor was
surveyed then and later, but improvements were not begun until after the United
States annexed the Hawaiian Islands in 1898. In 1911 the work of digging a wide
channel form the sea across the sandbar and coral reef at the mouth of the
harbor was completed. The channel is about 35 feet deep and the harbor has a
maximum depth of about 60 ft, making the harbor available to the largest naval
vessels. (Encarta Encyclopedia, 1994, software)
The Japanese air attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 was the
climax of a decade of risingtension between Japan and the United States.
Throughout the 1930s, Japan had been steadily encroaching on China, and the
United States had been trying to contain Japan's expansion. This period of
growth is known as imperialism. Since America supplied more than half of
Japan's iron, steel, and oil, Japan was reluctant to push the United States too
far, but it was also intent on getting control of its own sources of raw materials.
(Source unknown) In order to accomplish this, Japan joined the Triple Alliance
with Italy and Germany (communist countries) and began to expand into
northern Indochina. The United States, in response, placed an embargo on
aviation, gasoline, scrap metal, steel, and iron.into northern Indochina. After
Japan's seizure of the rest of Indochina in July 1941, President Franklin D.
Roosevelt closed the Panama Canal to Japanese shipping and added oil to the
embargo list. In October 1941 General Hideki Tojo, leader of the Japanese
pro-war part…

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