Napoléon Bonaparte (or Napoléone in French) was born on the 15th of August 1769 in Ajaccio on the Mediterranean island of Corsica, just three months after it had been defeated by the French. He was the second child of eight children ofCarlo (Charles) and Letizia Ramolino Bonaparte (or Buonaparte), both of Corsican-Italian gentry.Through his father's influence, Napoléon was educated at the expense of King Louis XVI, at Brienne and the Ecole Militaire, in Paris.Napoléon sat foot in France for thefirst time in the winter of 1778, a thin, washed-out nine year-old, used to the warmth of the Mediterranean. He was barely able to speak French. At the age of fifteen, Napoléon was promoted to the Royal Military Academy in Paris. At sixteen, he began his apprenticeship as a lowly second lieutenant, training with the best artillery in the French army. His ambitions soared way beyond a military career, but in French society- power and achievement was reserved for the nobility, and not for an unsophisticated Corsican soldier.
After the outbreak of the French Revolution he attempted to join the Corsican patriots led by Pasquale Paoli, but his family was believed to be pro-French. His family was condemned for its opposition to Corsican independence from France, and thus fled the island right after the outbreak of civil war in April of 1793.
When Napoléon returned to military duty in France, he was put together with the Jacobins and wasfirst noticed by his notable part in removing the British from Toulon (1793); he was promoted to brigadier general and sent to the Italian front.When he returned again to military duty in France, he was briefly arrested in the Thermidorian reaction (1794), however he was shortly thereafter released.
It seemed as if his career spurred almost overnight by a single political event. In the October of 1795, the Convention was attacked by a royalist Parisian u…


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