Mussolini

Benito Mussolini was an early socialist who later supported the concept of totalitarianism, a method of political practice and the execution of power. He also encouraged the idea of fascism, absolute authority of the state in ancient Rome. The few factors which brought Mussolini to power in Italy included the creation of his own party, the'Fascisti', his'March on Rome' in 1922, and the Lateran Accords in which the church and Mussolini came in agreement.
During the First World War, Mussolini broke with the socialists and founded his own party in 1919 called the'Fascisti'. The main objective of his party was to restore law and order to the Italian society. The party's popularity increased amazingly. Mussolini's recruits included ex-servicemen, middle class youth, and any anti-Communist people. He organized the party along paramilitary lines, putting them in uniform, the Blackshirts, and giving the members a feeling of importance. The key ideas of the party were aggressive nationalism and the belief in action over thought.
By 1921 Mussolini's party had 300,000 members but attained only thirty-five seats out of a total of 535 in the Italian Parliament. In 1922, he coordinated his famous'March on Rome', in which he would gain complete control of Italy. In that same year, Mussolini threatened to conquer Rome with his 26,000 armed troops to force the government to restore order. His troops would take over the government if these expectations were not met. Surprisingly, the Parliament asked King Emmanuel III to sign an emergency legislation which would enable the government to deal with the situation. When the King refused, he asked Mussolini to form a government. As a result, Mussolini's'March on Rome' was carried out without defiance and he and his troops arrived in Rome.
The church, in its eagerness to survive, signed an agreement with Mussolini whic…

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