Japan system of politics after WWII

A British style parliament state was established in which the cabinet became a committee of the majority party or coalition in the Diet. This broke with the Meiji Constitution, which had permitted the emperor or those who acted in his name to appoint prime ministers without regard for the Diet. The new constitution also added an American-style independent judiciary and a federal system of prefectures with elected governors and local leaders. Women were given the right to vote and the rights to life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness, a free press, and free assembly were guaranteed. These were joined by newer rights, such as academic freedom, collective bargaining, sexual equality in marriage, and minimal standards of wholesome and cultural living. Not only that but the no-war clause, stipulated, ?°the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation?± and will never again maintain ?°land, sea, and air forces?± or ?°other war potential?±. This article would make Japan into something unique in the world: a major power without commensurate military strength. The constitution defined a new role for the emperor as ?° the symbol of the state deriving his position from the will of the people with whom resides sovereign power.?± In Japan the most important parties are the Liberal Democratic Party and the communist party called the Japanese Socialist Party. The LDP is mostly responsible for the great wealth of Japan, if it wasn??t for it??s democratic ideas and capitalism that Japan would be the number one economic power in the world after the US.


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