On August 6, 1945, a B-29 bomber named Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb, “little boy” on Hiroshima, Japan.Hiroshima had been almost eradicated with an estimated 70-80,000 people killed.Three days later, a second, more powerful bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki, killing over 100,000 people.Since Japan was economically and militarily devastated by the late summer of 1945, the use of the atomic bombs on an already overcome Japan was unnecessary and unwarranted in bringing about a conclusion to the war in the Pacific.
By the end of the war, the U.S. forces had pushed the Japanese far back into their country, leaving them no access to any resources from the Indies.Japanese cities and factories were being endlessly bombarded by American bombers.Louis Morton, an author on the situation felt that since “. . . The Pacific Fleet had driven the Imperial Navy from the ocean and planes of the fast carrier forces were striking Japanese naval bases in the Inland Sea. . . Clearly Japan was a defeated nation.”1
The decision to use the atomic bomb was validated by the U.S., who said that the force was necessary to end the war, which, in turn, would save lives of both American and Japanese soldiers.However, many believe that since Japan was already of the verge of surrender when the bombs were dropped, this argument cannot be morally validated.If Japan was almost beaten by August 1945, many say that the reason the U.S. dropped the bomb was simply to test it on living humans.Aside from the ground test in the New Mexico desert, no one knew what destruction atomic weapons were capable of.Throughout the war, the city of Hiroshima had been left virtually untouched by U.S. attacks.It is inferable, then, that the United States government hoped to see the full effect of nuclear power by detonating the atomic bomb on this locality, as they could be sure that any damage was from the atomic bomb alone.A similar reasoning …


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