King Hammurabi lived from approximately 1850-1750 B.C.E., during which time he ruled Babylonia for forty-three years. Sometime during his reign, the king created a code of laws called Hammurabi's code. The code consists of laws dealing with family, property, women, slaves, and many other things. While King Hammurabi created rules for his people, the Hebrew God also created rules for his people. God gave Moses a series of laws dealing with many issues including family, property, and slaves. Even though the Babylonian and Jewish laws came from different rulers during different times, they seem to be similar in many ways.
The Babylonians believed in many gods and the idea that these gods would take care of them and provide leaders for them. King Hammurabi was one of these appointed leaders. Hammurabi said that his job was, "to cause righteousness to prevail in the land, to destroy the wicked and the evil, to prevent the strong from plundering the weak."Hammurabi was a just and effective ruler who left behind one of the earliest known collection of laws. While Hammurabi's code does not cover the aspects of courts and procedures, it does offer a look into Babylonian culture and what was important to them.
While Babylonians believed in many gods and a king who gave them their laws, the Jews believed in one God who gave them their laws. The Jewish people lived in the eastern Mediterranean area starting around 1200 B.C.E. Instead of a belief in many gods, they
Stressed complete submission to the laws and commands of their omnipotent and omnipresent God, a deity whom Hebrews perceived as outside of nature and comprehensible in intellectual and abstract term, the religion focused on God's covenant with the Hebrews and the history of their special relationship. As lawgiver and universal upholder of moral order, God is depicted in the Holy Writ of Israel as beneficent and loving but also as a stern and vengeful …


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