Haiti

Haiti occupies the western third of the island of Hispanola (the Dominican Republic occupies the eastern two thirds). Haiti has an area of 27,750 square kilometers including the islands of Tortuga, Gonave (Ile de la Gonave) Les Cayemites and Vache. The are occupied by Haiti is slightly larger than the state of Maryland. Haiti has a total boundary length of 2,046 kilometers. Haiti's capital city, Port-au-Prince, is located on Hispanola's West Coast. Haiti, the most densely populated country in the Western Hemisphere, had a 1982 census population of 5,053,189. The projected population for the year the year 2000is 7,959,000. The estimated density population for 1992 was 244 percent per square kilometer (631 per square mile). The district population of Port-au-Prince, the capital and the largest city was estimated as 1,143,626 in 1998. Haiti's import commodities are machines and manufactures 50%, food and beverages 39%, petroleum products 2%, chemicals 5% and fats and oils 4%. Haiti's export commodities are light manufacturing 80.5%, coffee 7.6%, other agriculture's 7.2%. Haiti's ports and harbors are Cap-Haitian, Gonaives, Jacmel, Jeremie, Les Cayes, Miragoane, Port-au-Prince, Port-de-Paix and Saint Marc. Labor forces by Haiti are 25% services, 9% industry and 66% agriculture. Agriculture is the largest sector of the Haitian economy, employing more than 2/3 of the labor force but accounting for barely 1/3 of the gross domestic product. Haiti is one of the world's poorest countries. The economy is basically agricultural: coffees, sugar, sisal, cotton, castor beans, cocoa, plantains and esssential oils are the main prodocts
The trade embargo imposed on Haiti after the 1991 military coup, headed by General Cedras, had a serious effect on the Haitian economy. Prior to the embargo in 1991, the United States alone supplied over 60% of Haiti's total legal imports and purchased over 85% of it&apo

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