Greek Architecture: Doric Columns

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Greek architecture began with thefirst people of the Greek peninsula, who were the Neolithic, they built very basic structures.Homes were usually built in a rectangular shape.They used mud bricks and stones in the mud with reeds or brush to help build the house.Most of the homes had one room, very rarely were homes built with two.
The next part of early civilization architecture came with the rise of the Minoans.Their towns were mostly residential with little or no temples and public places.Unlike the Neolithic, their houses were private and had many rooms.Different rooms would be distinguished by the use of pillars, making the house very open.Stairways were also a feature that was different in the Minoan civilization from earlier people.
During the period of Classical Greek architecture, three orders of architecture came to be. The three orders were the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.Each order was mainly known for their style of column.These different orders were most commonly seen in their temples.The most basic order for their temples was the Doric order.
Doric architecture was known for being used by the Spartans. Doric order was brought to the world by the Dorians between the 6th and 10th century B.C., this was thefirst definite system of construction was established.Dorian construction consisted of walls which were made of sun-dried bricks, roofs, columns, and uprights made of wood. This type of column originated as a wood column, and later progressed into stone.Later on marble was used instead.
The Doric column was the simplest of the three.It had no base and stood directly on the floor of the building.The column was topped by a plain capital, which was a convex disk called an echinus, and a square block called and abacus.This capital was formed from a single piece of marble.Just beneath the echinus is the neck of the column, the hypotrachelion, which was a continuation of the co…