Educational advances

• Tax supported primary schools were scarce in the early years of the Republic.
• Aristocrats felt that it was not there concern to educate the lower class.
1. They felt that their children would grow up with “brats.”
2. They were afraid that poor children would be armed with votes.
• Tax-supported public education triumphed between 1825-1850.
1. Laborers demanded instruction for their children.
2. Rising manhood suffrage aided the tax-supported public education.
• The average schoolhouse was one room, one stove, one teacher, and eight grades.
• The schools stayed open only a few months of the year.
• Most school teachers were men who were ill tempered and ill paid.
• They commonly practiced physical abuse.
• Horace Mann-a brilliant graduate of Brown University, a Secretary of the Massachusetts board of Education.He campaigned for better schoolhouses longer school terms and higher pay for teachers.
1. His influence moved into other states
• Education was still expressive and considered a luxury.
• In 1860, the nation counted 100 high schools, and 1,000,000 illiterate white adults.
• Black slaves in the south were forbidden to learn reading and writing.
• Noah Webster improved textbooks (readers), the books also promoted patriotism.
• Noah Webster was the schoolmaster of the republic.
• William H. McGuffey- He published grade school readers in the 1830’s.He books were knows as “McGuffy’s Readers.”
; The Second Great Awakening led to the development of small Liberal Arts colleges in the South and West.
1. The did not provide a good education
2. They were for show, and to make America look better.
; Thefirst state supported university began in the south, Nort

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