Colombia

Violence in modern Colombia takes place in many forms.The three major categories are crime, guerrilla activities, and attacks committed by drug traffickers.Violence has become so widespread and common in Colombia that many people have now become numb to it.The Colombian economy has also benefited from the illicit drug trade; however violent it may be.
During the 1970s, Colombia became well known, as one of the world's most important drug processing, production, and distribution centers for marijuana and cocaine.The shrubs and plants from which both drugs are derived from and processed has been well known in Colombia for centuries, but until the 1970s drug refiners and traffickers had not taken full advantage.
The chewing of coca leaves was very well known in the South American Inca Empire in the 11th century.The Incas, the Colombian Chibchas and other local ethnic groups have always attributed mythical and religious power to the bush and to the alkaloids that were extracted by its leaves by chewing on them.The existence of a drug, cocaine, which could be chemically extracted from large volumes of leaves was not discovered until 1884 by an Austrian ophthalmologist.
Marijuana is a drug extracted from hemp, a plant from which coarse fibers are also obtained for the manufacture of cloth, cordage, and sacking.The development of marijuana in Colombia took place in the mid 1940s during the administration of President Mariano Ospina Perez.The government at this time imported various fibers producing species from different parts of the world in an attempt to improve the postwar textile industry.The imported fiber plant included cannabis sativa (hemp) from Asia, and jute and sisal from Mexico.The Ministry of Agriculture was distributing these plants throughout the countryside of Colombia, and peasants and farmers were encouraged to plant them.During this same period, the consumption of marijuana was beginning …

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