cold war

cold war

Major Sources of Discord between the Bolsheviks and European States: 1917 to 1921 There were several major sources that created discord between the Bolsheviks and western states in Europe from 1917 to 1921. Conflicting ideologies that each attacked the very fabric of the other's respective society led to the notion that capitalism and communism could not coexist. The attempts of both actors to hold control of their own political system and to expand their political ideas internationally led to major conflicts between them. Also, the lack of respect for the upstart Bolshevik government by the west led to misperceptions concerning the actions of the Soviets. Russia's unsatisfactory involvement in World War I and their abrupt departure from the war which affected the western Allies war effort created much disenchantment between the two sides. The imperial and expansionist nature of both groups of actors led to conflict as the creation of both communist and non-communist blocs began with the independence of Poland as a free state in 1919. By using the Communist party as a vehicle to inject Communism into societies abroad, the Bolsheviks began to make free countries take notice of the threat that the "worker's party" presented and began to act in strong opposition of Communism. The actions of both sides began a race for an expansion of two different ideologies which created conflict so strong that in due time another World War seemed inevitable. The "Cold War" had begun. The fundamental difference between Russia and Europe was extremely contrasting views in ideology. The modernization of politics in the late 1800's and early 1900's had created similar political movements in both Europe and Russia meant to increase the authority of the masses over their own government. These movements replaced authoritarian regimes with political systems that were created to better the lives of the c…

Cold War

The Anglo-Russian "cold war" of the 19th Century and the US-Soviet "cold war" of the 20th Century were both conflicts over differences concerning the spread of communism.England's objective in the Anglo-Russian conflict was containment, the idea that England wanted to contain Russia within the rimland of Eurasia.The aim of the United States was to contain communism within the Heartland.In both "cold wars" Russia/Soviet Union wanted to spread communism throughout the entire world.
In the 19th Century Russia's only ice free port was Murmansk.It was too far north to be functional.The control of Constantinople would enable Russia to possess the most successful port in "The Straits."Russia invaded the Balkan Peninsula and continued to occupy it even after France and England told them to leave.Russia ignored the ultimatum.
Russia used their Big Brother Policy as a validation for occupying.They claimed that they were protecting their Slavic brothers in the Balkans.England counteracted by using their containment policy.England knew Russia's ultimate goals and England felt that if they did not interfere that Russia would begin to gain an upper hand on the "cold war."The Crimean War was a direct result of the "cold war."
As World War II came to an end a new kind of war erupted.The "cold war" between the United States and the Soviet Union began.The US wanted to contain communism within the Heartland for fear that it might jump out of the rimland.The terror of the Domino Theory, an idea that if communism escaped the rimland then other countries would fall like dominos, caused the US to become the key fighter against the spread of communism.
The US was also concerned with the affect communism would have on the geopolitics, the study of the geography and politics of a nation, especially in regards with international affairs…