Cold War

As WWII ended, the world remained in total disarray. Actual battles on
land, sea and air transposed into a new type of war and with new players.
USSR ruler Joseph Stalin depicted the globe as a ball cut in half:
imperialist and capitalist regimes on one side and the Communist and
progressive world on the other. Likewise, U.S. President Harry Truman saw
the political world divided into two wholly opposed systems: On the one
hand was the free world and on the other, a force that wished to overpower
At the Yalta Conference, Poland and Yugoslavia gained independence,
but the USSR received control of Eastern Germany when it promised to help
fight against the Japanese. However, Stalin did not keep his end of the
bargain. He disallowed a free vote in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary,
Romania and Bulgaria and brought in Communist governments. Also, the war
against Japan was over before the USSR had the opportunity to show its
support. The final rift between the two Super Powers came when Great
Britain’s Prime Minister Winston Churchill envisioned an “Iron Curtin” or
boundary between the two factions of Europe. The “Cold” War had begun.
Atfirst, the threat of a nuclear war appeared very real. However,
the USSR and U.S. began another form of war that included building up arms
of destruction. Meanwhile, the former began pushing the spread of Communism
and the latter did all it could to prevent this movement. This worsened
with the creation of the European North Atlantic Treaty Operation and the
Communist Warsaw Pact and then the Korean War.
Nikita Khrushchev assumed USSR power in 1955 and initially
relationships with the U.S. were better. Then the USSR put up the Berlin
Wall, and the CIA overthrew the Communist party in Guatemala. An invasion
of Cuba was being planned under newly elected President John F. Kennedy
because of the threat of nuclear arms in this nearby Communist c…


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