African Americans and Freedom

In 1865, after the Civil War, the United States became a united and powerful nation with a strong national government. Andrew Johnson set policies which were different for black and white people. According to Walter L. Fleming in "The Mississippi Black Code,” laws were passed after the Civil War that drastically limited civil rights and the liberties of black people. In the beginning, freedmen and black people faced discrimination, violence, and segregation, but black leaders continued working diligently and with the passage of time, equality took form.
Black Code is used to refer to legislation which was passed by Southern states at the end of the Civil War to control the labor and movement of slaves. During 1865, every Southern state passed Black Codes that restricted the freedman. These codes gave African Americans certain rights: such as legalized marriage, ownership of property and limited access to the courts, but denied them the rights to testify against whites, to serve on juries or in state militias, or to vote and express legal concern publicly. This document was written by Fleming during 1906 – 1907.The author wrote this article to explain the history of black people and about their troubles they had faced during the reconstruction period. When white people make their government, they made their own rules. According to Vagrant Law in sec 2, state of Mississippi required all black persons to sign yearly labor contract but not white citizens. The reason was that white people wanted to keep black people under their controls. They want to keep all black people as slave. That's why black people used to get low wages and they could not leave the job because if they did, they would have been arrested and got fined, which was more than 10 dollars and less than 100 dollars.
Furthermore, they were facing discrimination for everything. Freedmen and black people were not allowed to marry white girls. If …

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