Water was more important to the development of a working civilization in Ancient Egypt
than Mesopotamia for the following reasons: irrigation, drinking, resources and trade.Although
these factors were used by both Egypt and Mesopotamia, the latter had a better understanding
and control over water than Mesopotamia.
Mesopotamia (3500 B.C.E. – 530 B.C.E.) was located in northeast Syria, which is now
know today as Iraq.It was mainly surrounded by water, most notably the Tigris and Euphrates
rivers, which is how it adopted its name "the land between the rivers".Luckily it was also
located on the site of some of the world'sfirst permanent farming villages.The land and
climate within these regions was not the best area for the development of a working civilization,
as the South was primarily flat flood plain.
Flooding was the Mesopotamia peoples' main problem, based on a lack of knowledge on
how to deal with them.The floods were unpredictable, and created hazards to the settlements
situated near the rivers, such as destruction of land and housing.Based on the constant floods
travel and communication were also hindered by the flooding.
After many civilizations were conquered, the people of Mesopotamia finally learned to
control the floods in the South and used their acquired knowledge to drain the land and irrigate
the soil.This in turn lead to the people of the region producing many different types of food,
and contributing to their striving civilization.By this time their reign was almost coming to an
end, and was relatively useless to them.
Water was never used to the best advantage by Mesopotamia.They were unable to
control flooding or to develop adequate drainage, therefore it was of limited use to them.
Ancient Egypt (3100 B.C.E. – 395 B.C.E.), just as Mesopotamia, developed around a
large river.This river was and still is know as The Nil…


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