The Modern History of Jordan

Jordan is a land with an overwhelming amount of history.In the book The Modern History of Jordan, the author Kamal Salibi states that Jordan was home to some of mankind’s earliest settlements and villages.One can find many artifacts from ancient civilizations that resided in Jordan.As the crossroads of the Middle East, the lands of Jordan and Palestine have served as a connecting force for Asia, Africa, and Europe.Since the dawn of civilization Jordan’s geography has given it an important role to play for trade and communications, connecting east and west, north and south.Jordan continues to play this role today.Because of its centralized location the land of Jordan is ideal geographically, which changed hands many times throughout ancient periods.From the west Egypt extended its power and culture into Jordan, while the nomadic Nabateans built their empire in Jordan after coming from the south of the Arabian peninsula. Finally Jordan was included into the classical civilizations of Greece, Rome, and Persia. Since the mid-seventh century, the land of Jordan has remained almost continuously in the hands of various Arab and Islamic dynasties. The second geographical factor that has helped shape the history of Jordan deals with climate.Only the northern highlands and the Jordan Valley have received enough rainfall to support large populations. Therefore this area has always been more settled by farmers, villagers, and townspeople.Most of the urban civilizations of Jordan have been based in these fertile lands.To the south and east there is very little rainfall and no rivers for irrigation.These desert areas, which comprise the majority of Jordan, have rarely supported large settled populations.In some periods, there appears to have been no settled population at all.
Jordan is also a country enriched with a history of nation building.Salibi points out very

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