Saudi Arabia's Education System compared with the Australian

The Saudi Arabian education system and Australian education system have many similarities and many differences. This essay shall compare and contrast the similarities and differences between the Saudi Arabian Education system and the Australian Education system.
At the time the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932, education was not accessible to everyone and limited to individualized instruction at religious schools in mosques in urban areas. These schools taught Islamic law and basic literacy skills (Profile of Saudi Arabia, 2004). Where as Schools in Australia were established very early, thefirst school in 1789 and three by 1793 under the guidance of Rev Richard Johnson (Wright, 2003). The history of schooling within the countries differ in that Australia has established it's school's much earlier than in Saudi Arabia, however the similarity is that they both were founded on religious grounds and revolved around religious education.
Education in the Kingdom consists of kindergarten, six years of primary school and three years each of intermediate and high school (Profile of Saudi Arabia, 2004). Where as Education in Australia consists of: preschool education which is commonly one year in length and is not compulsory, one year of kindergarten, 6 years of primary school and 6 years of secondary school (Australian Education International, 2004). These are the differences between the general education structure within the countries.
Saudi Arabia’s nationwide educational system comprises seven universities, 83 colleges and more than 18,000 schools. Open to every citizen, the system provides students with free education, books and health services. (Profile of Saudi Arabia, 2004). There are more than 142,000 students at Saudi universities and colleges, a dramatic improvement over the 7,000 students enrolled in 1970. Of that number, more than 60,000 are female students studying at five of the universities — King S…

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