Peru, the famous home of the Incas remains one of the most intriguing countries of South America. When Pizarro and his men establish a colony in Lima it ended a great ancient civilization and opened up a journey towards the industrialized Peru that is seen today. Peru is a diverse country with many different types of land forms, industrial goods, and natural resources.
The Republic of Peru is located in western South America. Columbia lies to the north of Peru, Brazil is located to the east, and Chile is to the south. Peru has three types of land (Theonnes, 7). The narrow plains are located on the coast of Peru toward the Pacific Ocean. This area's temperature ranges from 66 to 73 degrees Fahrenheit (Weil, 40-41). The second type of land found in Peru is the highlands.The highlands are located in the central region of Peru. This is the region where the Andes Mountains are found. Rain seldom falls below the five thousand foot level on the slopes of the Andes Mountains (Weil, 40-41). The temperature is very high in the summer time in the highland region.The third type of land is the lowlands in eastern Peru.The seasonal temperature range is about seventy-five degrees.The lowland region has many rivers, dense rain forests, and few people because of its hot, rainy weather (Weil, 40-41).
The per capita income for Peru is 4,800 U.S. dollars per year (Peru, 2). Among the products of Peru are coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, plantains, coca, poultry, beef, dairy products, wool, and fish (Peru, 2).Peru also has a lot of industry.It has mining of metals, petroleum, fishing, textiles, clothing, food, processing, cement, auto assembly, steel, shipbuilding, and metal fabrication (Peru, 2). Its natural resources consist of copper, silver, gold petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, and natural gas (Peru, 2). Peru's major trading partners are the United States,