Chinese Philosophies: Differences in Confucianism, Daoism and the Legalist Philosophy in Ancient China

Through the centuries China adopted several philosophies into its
culture.Three of these philosophies are Confucianism, Daoism, and the
Legalist philosophy of ancient China.
Daoism is an organized religious tradition that has been continuously
developing and transforming itself through China, Korea and Japan for over
two thousand years (Miller pp).Daoism has no single founder, such as
Jesus or the Buddha, and does not have a single key message, rather “Daoism
bears witness to a history of continuous self-invention within a vast
diversity of environmental contexts” (Miller pp).The human experience of
change and transformation in one’s body and in the world lies at the heart
of the Daoist experience (Miller pp).
While Western religion seeks to place trust in an “unchanging and invisible
stability that somehow transcends the fleeting experience of time, Daoists
recognize and celebrate the profound and mysterious creativity within the
very fabric of time and space itself” (Miller pp).
“Confucianism, major system of thought in China, developed from the
teachings of Confucius and his disciples, and concerned with the principles
of good conduct, practical wisdom, and proper social relationships”
(Confucianism pp).Kung Fu Tzu, or Confucius, lived in the middle of the
sixth century BC. and is one of the most important figures of this time
(One pp).Confucius’ policy was to accept anyone as a disciple if the
student was genuinely eager to learn, a revolutionary idea in a society in
which education was the exclusive privilege of the aristocracy (Confucius
pp).He is one of thefirst Chinese philosophers to leave behind a
collection of teachings that can be reliably ascribed to his authorship,
the Lun yu, or Analects (Confucius pp).Confucius believed that as the
ruler remained benevolent, the government will naturally work toward the
good of the people (Confucius …

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