Village to City

From Village to City Over the years of history, there have been many civilizations. We will look at the earliest of all civilizations
known to man. From Village to City began in 8000BC and spanned all the way into 3000BC. Throughout this report we will
look at the 6 key features of this civilization as outlined in our classroom discussions, and hope to convey what we have learned
in a useful, and interesting way. The development of a city: Thefirst city to be built was Jericho, in the Middle East Map: This
map is a picture of what the division of land would have looked like in those times. Clearly identified here, it is possible to see
Babylon, Ur, and Eridu. © Microsoft Encarta '95. (Appendix 1). Sumer at this time evolved into the largest city-state,
established by a people known as the Ubaidians. The development of the city, allowed for rapid population growth due to the
abundance of food. Sheep, goat and pigs had been originally domesticated for use as food, not as sources of clothing. The main
economic activity during this time was trade and barter. Obsidian, a volcanic glass was fashioned into razor sharp tools and
weapons. It was also used as trade. People who lived near Obsidian deposits often risked their lives to collect it and eventually
barter it off for food or money. Obsidian comes from volcanoes and was a kind of glass, the only of the times. The value of
Obsidian was great, and so therefore was the supply and demand. Salt, ore, copper, and soapstone were accepted trade
materials around 8000BC. Most of the Village to City civilization took place during the copper age, when copper was mined
and used for many purposes. Trade developed between different cities, Jericho, Sumer, Adab, Eridu, Isin, Kish, Kullab,
Lagash, Larsa, Nippur and Ur. Most of the trade consisted of livestock and other things such as weapons and food. Sumerians
constructed large temples called Ziggurats. These temple…


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