Surrealism split into two groups in the 1930’s.These two groups were
the Automatists and the Veristic Surrealists.Although they were similiar,
they had many differances.It was said that Automatism was the only type of
surrealism accepted by critical reviews after the was (Aronson 125).The
basis of each group was a different, but their stand points remained the same,
art through the subconscienceness.
The artists in the automatists group interpreted surrealism as reffering
to a suppression of the consciousness in favor of the subconsciousness
(Alder 209).This group was more focused on feeling than analysis.They
understood automatism to be the automatic way in which the subconscious
reach the conscience (Alder 209).In plain words they didn’t focus on the
real but feelings.Their paintings were far more abstract than the veristic.
The idea of free expression of feelings had always dominated the the history
of art.The automists on the other hand wanted nothing to do with it.They
argued that images should not be burdened with “meaning”.Focusing on the
subconscious, the automatists, thought abstractionism was the only way to
bring life to images.Following the Dada tradition, these artists also linked
scandal, insult, and irrevernce toward the upper class with freedom.They
continued to believe that lack of form was a way to rebel against them.
Some famous painters in the Automatists group were: Yves Tanguy,
Roberto Matta, and Joan Miro.Join Miro was a well renowed Automatist.
He joined the surrealists in 1928.Miro treated his empty canvas as a
production.He would often work in layers, sometimes starting with washes
and applying paint with sponges.Some of his most fomous work would be:
The Ploughed Earth, The Harlequin Carnival, and Dog barking at the Moon.
“By his ‘pure psychic automatism’ Miro might ‘pass…