Surrealism split into two groups in the 1930’s.These two groups were

the Automatists and the Veristic Surrealists.Although they were similiar,

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they had many differances.It was said that Automatism was the only type of

surrealism accepted by critical reviews after the was (Aronson 125).The

basis of each group was a different, but their stand points remained the same,

art through the subconscienceness.

The artists in the automatists group interpreted surrealism as reffering

to a suppression of the consciousness in favor of the subconsciousness

(Alder 209).This group was more focused on feeling than analysis.They

understood automatism to be the automatic way in which the subconscious

reach the conscience (Alder 209).In plain words they didn’t focus on the

real but feelings.Their paintings were far more abstract than the veristic.

The idea of free expression of feelings had always dominated the the history

of art.The automists on the other hand wanted nothing to do with it.They

argued that images should not be burdened with “meaning”.Focusing on the

subconscious, the automatists, thought abstractionism was the only way to

bring life to images.Following the Dada tradition, these artists also linked

scandal, insult, and irrevernce toward the upper class with freedom.They

continued to believe that lack of form was a way to rebel against them.

Some famous painters in the Automatists group were: Yves Tanguy,

Roberto Matta, and Joan Miro.Join Miro was a well renowed Automatist.

He joined the surrealists in 1928.Miro treated his empty canvas as a

production.He would often work in layers, sometimes starting with washes

and applying paint with sponges.Some of his most fomous work would be:

The Ploughed Earth, The Harlequin Carnival, and Dog barking at the Moon.

“By his ‘pure psychic automatism’ Miro might ‘pass…


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