In western Europe, where Paleolithic paintings and sculptures abound, the local Neolithic populations in several areas developed a monumental architecture consisting of graves and of rows or circles of massive, roughhewn stones as illustrated by Stonehenge. The very dimensions of the stones have prompted historians to call them megaliths (great stones) and to designate the culture that produced them megalithic.
Stonehenge represents a circle of huge stones known as a cromlech. Build in several phases around 2000 B.C.,it seems to have been a kind of astronomical observatory. Stonehenge shows spirituality because it is a testimony to the rapidly developing intellectual powers of humans. Created by heroic physical and intellectual effort, Stonehenge possesses a solemn majesty. The series of concentric circles with connecting curvilinear pathways or avenues conveys a feeling for order, symmetry, and rhythm that is characteristic also of Stonehenge and is evidence not only of well-developed and systematized ceremonial rituals, but perhaps also of a maturing geometrical sense born of the observation of the apparent movements of the sun and moon.
The handy use of the stones and the form of Stonehenge shows the willingness of the paleolithic peoples to control nature and indicates their spirituality. But, the fact that Stonehenge might be a temple where ceremonies and rituals took place indicates the mystical nature of those peoples: they thought of Stonehenge as a place where ‘some divine forces’ might enhance their lives. While Nature makes ignorants laugh, it reveals its secrets to wise people. Stonehenge recommends modern people to study nature and modifies his environment for his good.