o Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan, Jr.
o Born on March 7, 1872, in Amersfoort, the Netherlands.
o He studied at the Rijksakademie van Beeldende Kunsten, Amsterdam, from 1892 to 1897.
o 1908 he began to take annual trips to Domburg in Zeeland.
o His work was naturalistic, incorporating successive influences of academic landscape and still-life painting, Dutch Impressionism and Symbolism.
o In 1909, a major exhibition of his work was held at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.
o He joined the Theosophic Society.
o In 1909 and 1910, he experimented with Pointillism and by 1911 had begun to work in a Cubist mode.
o Mondrian decided to move to Paris.
o From 1912 to 1914, he began to develop an independent abstract style.
o Mondrian was visiting the Netherlands when World War I broke out and prevented his return to Paris.
o During war years in Holland, he further reduced his colors and geometric shapes and formulated his non-objective Neo-Plastic style.
o In 1917, he became one of the founders of De Stijl. This group extended its principles of abstraction and simplification beyond to architecture and graphic and industrial design.
o Mondrian's essays on abstract art were published in the periodical De Stijl.
o He returned to Paris in July 1919.
o He exhibited with De Stijl in 1923, but withdrew from the group around 1925.
o In 1930, he showed with Cercle et Carré and in 1931 joined Abstraction-Création.
o World War II forced Mondrian to move to London in 1938 and then to settle in New York in October 1940.
o he joined American Abstract Artists in NY and continued to publish texts on Neo-Plasticism.
o His late style evolved significantly in response to the city.
o In 1942, hisfirst solo show took place at the Valentine Dudensing Gallery, New York.
o Mondrian died February 1, 1944, in New York.