Non-Verbal Communication

Non-verbal communication is defined as the processes of communication
without the use of language proper, e.g., not only body movements,
gestures, and smells, but also extra-linguistic features of speech such as
intonation, speed, and pause.Non-verbal communication has a tendency to
provide the context of verbal communication and is a powerful tool to
either disambiguate or invalidate the content of linguistic expressions.[1]
Non-verbal communications involves the use of all senses, including the
sixth sense as well as the environment and time.Types of non-verbal
communications include appearance (occulesics), movement (kinesics), voice
(vocalics or paralanguage), touch (haptics), smell (olfactics), space
(spatial relationships or proxemics), territoriality, and time
(chronemics).[2] During interpersonal communication, only seven percent
of the message is verbally communicated; the majority ninety-three percent
of the message is non-verbally transmitted.However, we are educated to
pay attention to words to communicate and often overlook more important non-
Appearance is assessed by characteristics such as attractiveness,
race, height, weight, body shape, hairstyle, dress and artifacts.Numerous
studies have shown that beautiful people do have an advantage when
competing for jobs, grades, friends, or mates.The face is the most
powerful channel of all physical features. It provides many clues such as
whether a person likes or dislikes us, how they are feeling, identity,
nationality, culture, age and their likes and dislikes.[4]Height also has
a significant impact on interaction because it is associated with power.
For example, smaller people may have a feeling of jeopardy which may make
them wary of or defensive around taller people.[5]
Occulesics, eye movement study, can often tell more about a person
than the words they speak.Normal eye contact means …


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