Change is something that has been discussed as being an inevitable part of human life. It is something which humans have experienced many times and will continue to experience it many more times throughout their lives. As with anything else there are different types, or levels, of change that can occur. Perhaps the most obvious ones to categorize change by are internal and external. Internal being a change that will affect you personally as opposed to external which is change to make an impact on more than one person, some extreme cases also are encountered on a worldwide scale.
One such example of internal changes (or changes in perspective) is shown in the play "Krapp's Last Tape" written by Samuel Beckett. This stage play evolves a shattering drama out of a monologue of a man who, at age sixty-nine, plays back the autobiographical tape he recorded on his thirty-ninth birthday. All of Samuel Beckett's plays are focused around the same themes (as is all absurd drama). These themes include the futility of human life and the pointlessness of bare existence. "Krapp's Last Tape" is no exception to these themes.
Living solely in a solitary room sits an old man at a desk. This is Krapp, and this is Krapp's life. All thirteen words of that sentence were the existence that was, and is, Krapp. The one exception that this play does have to Beckett's other works is that Krapp does draw conclusions, thus the play appears to move forward, and whilst moving forward, Krapp's perspective changes. This play is set in one of thefirst chances Krapp has to look back an asses his life, his existence, and in doing so, realizes what it was all for. There is no reference made to an afterlife, or a greater power. All was life, life was everything, no contemplation about death was ever made because Krapp was considered to be beyond death, in the realm of absurdity.
Krapp is listening to old recordings …


I'm Sandulf

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