Leo tolstoy-a great humanist

Leo Tolstoy was a great humanist.Evolution of human character was a subject of his
The main personage of the story “The Death of Ivan Ilyich” is ordinary official who
conduct his life according to a strict social code, never deviating from what was rule d
by society, by his pleasure, by materialistic motives, but never by conscience. His
contact with his wife and children was limited and shallow because he didn’t find
pleasure in this.His life satisfied him when he was healthy, but when he faced with
death his loneliness overwhelmed him.After the accident which starts his long dying
Ivan Ilyich realized that his life, though he has been successful and has always done the
proper things, is all false.He understood that his life was meaningless.As his
illness progressed, Ivan Ilyich felt increasingly the need to be loved.Only in front of
death he knew what real feeling is. Ivan Ilyich felt real empathy and pity from peasant
His moral misery was worse than physical.The result of this was that Ivan Ilyich in
dying became the individual that he never was in his typical life. He understood that his
notion about his decent and helpfulness was just illusion. He felt as if he were being
squeezed down into a black hole and there at the bottom was light.This metaphor serves
as image of physical death and spiritual rebirth.His death gave birth tonew
consciousness.He suddenly perceived that man’s essential life belongs to the spirit and
well-being is achieved through loving of people. He asked forgiveness of his family for
his sins and welcomed death… This moral transformation makes real end of his unreal
As a moralist Tolstoy would like to play attention of Russian intelligentsia how badly
they live, how they waste their talents,strengths, and capabilities. He called on moral

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