Impressionist Painters

Since the beginning of time, there have been specific groups that have had revolutionary ideas and acted upon them.Such movements have always been met with disapproval, but usually seem to settle into the mainstream of society.The late in the nineteenth century saw such an occurrence, as an artistic movement was forming in France among a group of painters. The new style of art that this group utilized surprised the public at the time and was met with much hostility.Consisting of Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Sisley, Guillaumin, Cezanne, Pissarro, Morisot, Degas, and Manet, this group observed nature closely, with a scientific interest.The group also set out to refute some of the earlier themes in art, such as Romanticism.This movement was to be called Impressionism, and it would prove to have a large impact on how society viewed art at the time, and would have a lasting affect on the history of art.A knowledge of the history, ideals, and painters involved in this era are all essential to understanding Impressionism to the fullest.
The forming of the group was a gradual process.It began as most of the painters went to school together at younger ages.However, the group seemed to be comprised of two main branches.Pissaro, Guillaumin, and Cezanne met at the Academie Suisse around 1861.Monet, Renoir, Sisley, and Bazille became friends at Gleyre's in the winter of 1862.These individuals came together by way of Pissaro, who had known Monet since he visited Paris in 1859, and in the mid 1860’s he visited the friends as they worked in Marlotte.Records show that Manet and Degas, who were considerably older than the rest of the group, had not met before 1862, and had little to do with the group until about 1866.
In 1874, after their ideas repeatedly conflicted with the official Salon, the group went against the Salon in Paris and organized a gallery and exhibition of its own.The group consisted of painters of …

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