Greek Theatre Structures

The theatre of the Greeks was built on the a hill which sloped so everyone could see in the back rows.
Greek Theater consists of three different parts the Orchestra, the Scene, and the main theater called Koilon.
The Orchestra was the circular area, placed in front of the stage. In the center of the Orchestra was situated the Thymeli, which in the early years was meant to be an alter and later on, a place were the leader of the chorus stood. The Orchestra was the acting place though acting moved to the scene from time to time acting was mainly done in the Orchestra. The scene was the stage facing the audience on which people preformed.
The scene was used for background and was either decorated like a palace or a temple. The scene had one or three entrances for the actors. Later the Greeks began putting other scenes, such as, woods, army camps, and so on. Between the scene and the seats there were two entrances called the Parodoi. At the backsof the of the scene were two buildings with doors, were they can extend the scene or add another theme. Along the back wall of the scene was built a narrow but raised platform, the Logeion. It was designed for just actors, by which they were seperated from the Chorus. In classical theater there wasn't a Logeion.
The flat roof was dedicated to the gods and it was called Theogion. The Koilon was the auditorium of the Greek theater. The Koilon was shaped lik a semi circle built around the Orchestra. It was divided in two Diazoma, the upper level and the lower level. The front seats were called Proedria and were reserved for the Officials and Priests.
Indoor theaters were called Odeia. They were reserved for musical performances.


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