The Bauhaus in their historical context
"Architecture us always the will of the age conceived as space, nothing else"(438) said Mies, and he was not far from the truth. Thus, it is necessary to place in context the architectural revolution of the Bauhaus in the early 1920s. This revolution was characterized by its constant return to efficiency, clarity and simplicity. It saw architecture as a unifying force for all arts, as well as a reflection of class and sex conflict. But conservatives strongly opposed this equality and social transformation through the arts. This revolution was deeply rooted in the need to find a new identity after Germany's defeat in WWI and the post-industrialized world of airplanes and automobiles.
The Bauhaus' school –an amalgamation of the former Weimar Academy of Fine Art and the Weimar School of Arts and Crafts- was the precursor of the new architectural revolution. It sought to unify the arts under architecture, and develop arts by teaching crafts. Their main goal was the release of creativity. They tried to connect with the public through exhibitions and to develop an architecture that would serve everyone –drawing from public funds (Bruno Taut, 432-434; Gropius, 435-438).
The post-industrial era was one filled with confusion, noise from fast cars roaming the cities and planes crossing the sky. This architecture sought to simplify life to effectively solve the problems of growing population and hygienic demands. It was aimed towards efficiency, clarity and cleanliness -not only in architecture and design, but in spatial exploitation and furniture. Factory work allowed for the pre-assembly of houses and the use of new materials. Rejection had proved a mistake –industrialization was inevitable and architects and arts sought to embrace it to bring it to some understanding and rationalization. It became part of the whole.
Another important historical aspect


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