Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, using Paris as a base, invented and practiced a new form of painting called Cubism, between 1908 and 1913.Fernand Leger gave additional contributions, from early 1912, by Juan Gris, and from 1910 through 1913.One of the most influential artists of the Cubist movement was Cézanne, whose pieces tended to look at the architecture of the object, rather than the impression of it.He said that'the whole of Nature is based on the cube, the cone and the sphere'.He simplified shapes using small patches of color.Influenced by Monet, Cézanne however wanted to make the shapes more solid than the techniques the Impressionists employed.
The Cubist were more concerned with multiple view points of an art work, they were more concerned with the structure and detail of their works, which were usually three-dimensional. Cubist painters were not bound to copying form, texture, colour and space. Their artworks presented more than one view of an object in an artwork, bringing along aspects of time and space, which were never seen in previous Western Art.
Cubism was influenced by the works of Cézanne and also by African sculpture. A large selection of African sculptures was brought into Paris (mainly from French colonies). Their simplification form and lack of concern for actual appearance attracted many young artists, Picasso among them.
Cézanne was ever increasingly becoming popular in Paris at this time. Cézanne and the African carvers combined to offer a release to the young artists from the tyranny of the whole tradition of Western art which was based upon the intellectual use of appearance as the foundation of art. The origins of Cubism lie deeper than this. In Picasso's "Les Demoiselle d'Avignon" which was painted in 1907, is still considered to be his finest work. It may justly be regarded as the work, which, above all others, ini…