Cubism and Fauvism

Cubism and Fauvism were one of the most influential modern arts of the 20th century. Cubism was developed by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso and French artist Georges Braque in Paris between 1907 and 1914. Picasso and Braque found examples and initial concepts of cubism in two art sources. Thefirst source was in primitive art, such as African tribal masks, Iberian sculptures and Egyptian bas- relief's. The next source was in the work of artist, Paul Cézanne, in particular his late still life's and landscapes. Cézanne introduced new geometric forms as well as new spatial relations, which broke the traditional perspective of the renaissance era.In this new form of art, called cubism, objects were portrayed by geometric shapes, and were broken down into several parts, showing many different aspects at once. Later Cubist paintings were painted without realistic detail, effects of light or emotional content, producing a very abstract form, different from the typical paintings of that time. Cubist paintings tried to make the object appear 3 dimensional, whereas fauvist paintings emphasised the flat, two dimensional surfaces. Cubism was the beginning of the abstract and non-objective art style.
Fauvism was thefirst 20th centaury art movement and was developed before cubism in 1905. The development of Fauvism began when about 12 artists, lead by Henri Mattise, stunned the public with their new form of art in an exhibition called the Salon d'Automne in Paris.Henri Matisse, who was among thefirst to produce'modern art' was an artist whose aim was to paint a picture which would give visual pleasure. The word fauvism is French for wild beast and was named by a critic in the exhibition who referred to the artists as "les Fauves". Although fauvism was a relatively short movement, (4 years) it was influential and had a lasting impact on the art industry. Many of the fauve painti

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