Art History

Abstract expressionism is a 20th century painting style, that features large
scale works and expression of feelings through slashing and active brush
strokes.It exploded in New York, following World War II.The war brought
on victory of abstract and expressionistic art and the creation of thefirst
major original direction in the history of American art.This movement lasted
about fifteen years.This form of art was not so much a style as an idea.
Abstract expressionists were diverse individuals who had little in common,
except what they were against.Based on the freedom of individual
expression, this art form got its title because, it was abstract and expression.
Abstract meaning emphasizing shape, colour and line with no recognizable
subject matter.Expressive meaning stressing emotions and individual
feelings more than design and formalism.The term Abstract Expressionism
wasfirst used in 1919 to describe certain paintings of Kandinsky and also
found its roots in him.Artists went off in individual directions and developed
Artists from Europe, settled in New York and began teaching.They
and their students, were the instigators of abstract expressionism.Although
American Abstract Expressionism, or the New York School, is as diverse as
the artists involved, two main tendencies may be noted.Thefirst is that of
the action painters, concerned in different ways with the gestures of the brush
and the texture of the paint.The other group consisted of the colour field
painters, concerned with the statement of an abstract sign or image in terms of
large unified colour shape or area.An example of thefirst way is Willem De
Willem De Kooning was born in Rotterdam Holland, in 1904, and
came to the United States in 1926, after which he soon became a close friend
of a number of artists who were to be associated with abstract expressionism.