Home History Alfred Nobel
Alfred Nobel:

 

Alfred Nobel 

 

Born

:

October 21, 1833

Place of birth

:

Stockholm, Sweden

Died

:

December 10, 1896

Place of death

:

Sanremo, Italy

Occupation

:

Chemist, Engineer, Innovator, Armaments manufacturer and the inventor of dynamite.

Nationality

:

Sweden

 

Biography:

Alfred Nobel was one of four sons of Immanuel Nobel (1801 - 1872) and Andriette Nobel, born Ahlsell. He and his brothers Robert, Louis and Emil lived in difficult conditions with a very sick father. He and his Brothers Robert, Louis and Emil lived in difficult conditions with a very sick father. Emil Nobel died in fact 21 years old in an explosion in the family's explosives factory in Stockholm. Emil Nobel died in fact 21 years old in an explosion in the family's explosives factory in Stockholm. In 1842 the family moved to St Petersburg after his father's mechanics shop went bankrupt in Sweden. In 1842 the family moved to St. Petersburg after his father's mechanics shop went bankrupt in Canada. At that time the family was very poor and the wife was working as a shop assistant in a milk and vegetable shop, while Alfred himself helped to sell matches on the street. At that time the family was very poor and the wife was working as a shop assistant in a milk and vegetable shop, while Alfred himself helped to sell matches on the street. But the family's company managed to build up to an industrial giant, which flourished and was composed until the Russian Revolution made inroads. But the family's company managed Thursday the build up to an industrial giant, which flourished and was composed until the Russian Revolution made inroads.

In 1863 returned the father and Alfred to Sweden, where Alfred began to study the explosives, especially nitroglycerin. In 1863 returned the father and Alfred to Sweden, where Alfred began to study the explosives, especially nitroglycerin. Nobel had met with his discovery of nitroglycerine, Ascanio Sobrero, during his time in Paris and realized that the force must be harnessed to be useful. Nobel had met with his discovery of nitroglycerine, Ascanio Sobrero, during his time in Paris and Realized that the force must be harnessed to be useful. Alfred Nobel invented, among other things: Alfred Nobel INVENTED, among other things:

     * Dynamite 1866, he received the patent in 1867 Dynamite 1866, he received the patent in 1867
     * Firing Rubber (cotton powder dissolved in black), almost risk-free for transporting and handling firing Rubber (cotton powder dissolved in black), almost risk free for the transport and action
     * Firing Gelatin 1875 Blasting Gelatine 1875
     * Ballistit, noble gunpowder in 1887 (one was vague gunpowder, composed of nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin in equal parts) Ballistit, noble Gunpowder in 1887 (one was vague Gunpowder, composed of nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin in equal parts)

Dynamite meant great opportunities to transport explosive materials with high security. Dynamite meant great opportunities to transport explosive materials with high security. Although nitroglycerin, which is the active component of dynamite, are very shock sensitive, making the so-called flegmatiseringen that dynamite does not detonate, despite fairly tough lists. Although nitroglycerin, which is the active component of dynamite, are very shock sensitive, making the so-called flegmatiseringen that Dynamite does not detonator, Despite fairly tough lists. Exceptions are on the dynamite is frozen, then it still may detonate if subjected to shocks. Exceptions are on the Dynamite is frozen, then it still may detonator if subjected Thursday shocks. When blasting in cold weather must be dynamite kept warm by, for example, stored in hot water. When Blasting in cold weather must be kept warm by Dynamite, for example, stored in hot water. In this regard is to be noted that pure nitroglycerin turns into a solid form at 13 ° C. In this regard is to be noted that pure nitroglycerin turns into a solid form at 13 ° C. Dynamit doing anything anymore, when the temperature drops, but at some plus degrees will be dynamite shock sensitive. Dynamite can do anything anymore, when the temperature drops, but at some plus degrees will be Dynamite shock sensitive. Many burst accidents have been due to the failure to realize the risks even in the plus degrees. Many burst accidents have been due to the Failure to Realize the risks even in the plus degrees. A characteristic feature of dynamite is that the "fight short duration," unlike some other explosives, as "wrestling sustainable". A characteristic feature of Dynamite is that the "fight short duration," Unlike some other explosives, as "wrestling sustainable".

When traditional black powder used to run the projectiles in firearms, it will be a significant GUST, as obstruction of great service, and reveal the enemy from where the fire is based. When traditional black powder used to run the projectiles in fire arms, it will be a significant GUST, as obstruction of great service, and Reveal the enemy from where the fire is based. Anyone who can shoot with less smoke, providing them an advantage. Anyone who can shoot with less smoke, providing them an advantage. Nobel worked with the potential to have a smoke vague gunpowder and did so valuable findings that resulted in ballistit patent. Nobel worked with the potential Thursday have a smoke vague Gunpowder and did so valuable findings that resulted in ballistit patent.
Alfred Nobel's application from 1864, the existing patent on the firing cap and the principle for the initial ignition of nitroglycerin. Alfred Nobel's application from 1864, the existing patent on the firing cap and the principle for the initial ignition of nitroglycerin.

Nobel was granted a very large number of patents, and several of them involving other countries or the whole world, totaling more than 350 patents. Nobel was granted a very large number of patents, and several of them involving other countries or the whole world, totaling more than 350 patents. These included more than explosives in various forms. These included more than explosives in various forms. Inspired by a severe explosion caused by gaslight in a theater in Paris, he invented such as a gas burner with significantly improved security. Inspired by a severe explosion caused by gaslight in a theater in Paris, he INVENTED such as a gas burner with significantly improved security. A technical detail in this burner was that it worked with preheating the combustion air. A technical detail in this burner was that it worked with preheating the combustion air.

In order to exploit their inventions Alfred Nobel built a variety of factories around the world. In order to exploit their inventions Alfred Nobel built a variety of factories around the world. He is also interested to industries in other sectors. He is also interested Thursday industries in other sectors.

His brothers Robert and Ludvig had begun extracting oil in Baku in Azerbaijan 1874. His Brothers Robert and Ludvig had begun extracting oil in Baku in Azerbaijan 1874. Four years later they formed, with Alfred as one of the financiers, the oil company Tovaristjestvo Neftjanovo Proizvodstva Bratjev Nobel (NAFTA Production Society of Nobel brothers), which soon became abbreviated to Branobel. Four years later they formed, with Alfred as one of the Financial, the oil company Tovaristjestvo Neftjanovo Proizvodstva Bratjev Nobel (NAFTA Production Society of the Nobel Brothers), which soon became Abbreviated Thursday Branobel. The company became in a short time the world's second largest oil company, after the Rockefeller Standard Oil, and dominated the European market until the Russian Revolution. The company became in a short time the world's second largest oil company, after the Rockefeller Standard Oil, and dominated the European market until the Russian Revolution. During the company's greatness, it had several hundred offices spread across Ukraine and Eastern Europe from Poland and the Baltics up to the east of the Urals. During the company's Greatness, it had several hundred offices spread across Ukraine and Eastern Europe from Poland and the Baltics up to the east of the Urals. 1918 was nationalized plants, and thus ended the brothers Nobel's influence in these industries. 1918 was nationalized plants, and thus ended the Brothers Nobel's influence in these industries. About 12 percent of sustainability wills were fortune consisted of shares in oil company. About 12 percent of sustainability wills were fortune consisted of shares in oil company.

With all these commitments came to a variety of technical and economic problems must be solved, and this led to Alfred Nobel was a long time on the road in a wide range of countries. With all these commitments came to a variety of technical and economic problems must be solved, and this Led to Alfred Nobel was a long time on the road in a wide range of countries. This gave him the label 'Europe's richest vagabond ". This gave him the label "Europe's Richest runabout." He had also studied in five languages in five different countries and therefore could speak five languages fluently. He had also studied in five languages in five different countries and therefore could speak five languages fluently.

He worked as a chemist in several foreign laboratories, including the professor Peluse in Paris. He worked as a Chemist in several foreign laboratories, including the professor Peluse in Paris. Where he received good opportunity to study nitroglycerin and other explosives. Where he received good opportunity to study nitroglycerin and other explosives. Because of the many accidents which occurred in both the manufacturing and the transport of nitroglycerin, became both the production and use of explosives banned in several countries. Because of the many accidents which occurred in both the manufacturing and the transport of nitroglycerin, became both the production and use of explosives banned in several countries. The great need for a stronger explosive than gunpowder inspired, along with his father's intense interest in this production, the Nobel with great energy trying to come at a more manageable and less dangerous form of nitroglycerin. The great need for a Stronger explosive than Gunpowder Inspired, along with his father's intense interest in this production, the Nobel with great energy trying to come at a more manageable and less dangerous form of nitroglycerin. A serious accident in his father's laboratory at Helen Borg not deterred him. A serious accident in his father's laboratory at Helen Borg not deterred him. In short, he managed to get access to capital for the construction of a factory at the Winter Bay, near Stockholm, and one at Krümmel, near Hamburg. In short, he managed to get access to capital for the construction of a factory at the Winter Bay, near Stockholm, and one at Krümmel, near Hamburg.

It was during a stay at the factory in Krümmel that in 1866 he made his first invention, dynamite. It was during a stay at the factory in Krümmel that in 1866 he made his first invention, dynamite. He availed of attentive local assets: Lüneburgheden, where Lauenburg is located, is a powerful sandhed with underlying layers of diluviansk diatomaceous earth. He availed of attentive local assets: Lüneburgheden, where Lauenburg is located, is a powerful sandhed with underlying layers of diluviansk diatomaceous earth. Dynamite consisted precisely of diatomaceous earth, which pressured with nitroglycerin. Dynamite Precisely consisted of diatomaceous earth, which pressured with nitroglycerin.

An example showing how this epoch-making invention was is that the firing of the Gotthard tunnel under a task save 20 million francs (unclear if French or Swiss francs), and won several years, compared with the calculated. An example showing how this Epoch-making invention was is that the firing of the Gotthard tunnel during a task SAVE 20 million francs (unclear if French or Swiss francs), and won several years, compared with the calculated.

Alfred Nobel never married. Alfred Nobel never married. In 1876 he announced in a Vienna newspaper "A very rich, highly educated elderly gentleman who lives in Paris, seeking a LINGUIST lady, also at the staid age, as secretary and household föreståndarinna", and a young NOBLEWOMAN, Countess Bertha Kinsky employee . In 1876 he announced in a Vienna newspaper "A very rich, highly educated elderly gentleman who lives in Paris, seeking a LINGUIST lady, also at the staid age, as secretary and household föreståndarinna", and a Young Noble woman, Countess Bertha Kinsky employee. Alfred and Kinsky developed a deep friendship, which was composed long after she left her job of Alfred Nobel and married another man. Alfred and Kinsky developed a deep friendship, which was composed long after she left her job of Alfred Nobel and married another man. Bertha Kinsky was very much involved in peace issues and was one of dåtidens biggest names in the peace movement. Bertha Kinsky was very much involved in peace issues and was one of dåtidens biggest names in the peace movement. Alfred Nobel was strongly influenced by her views, and they are the basis for the establishment of the peace prize. Bertha von Suttner, she came to be called after the marriage, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1905. Alfred Nobel was strongly influenced by her views, and they are the basis for the establishment of the peace prize. Bertha von Suttner, she came to be called after the marriage, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1905.

Nobel built factories in most European countries and in North America to take advantage of their inventions. Nobel built factories in most European countries and in North America to take advantage of their inventions. He also had interests in several other companies, such as Branobel in Baku, Azerbaijan and FORGE Bofors in Karlskoga, where he had a big experiment workshop, among other things, to develop a powder with little smoke. He also had interests in several other companies, such as Branobel in Baku, Azerbaijan and Bofors FORGES in Karlskoga, where he had a big experiment workshop, among other things, to develop a powder with little smoke. He was also a pattern in which the plant for the manufacture of guns. He was also a pattern in which the plant for the manufacture of guns.
Birch Manor Born, Karlskoga. Birch Manor Born, Karlskoga.

At the end of the year 1893/1894 Alfred took over a large equity stake in Bofors, Karlskoga, a million dollars. At the end of the year 1893/1894 Alfred took over a large equity stake in Bofors, Karlskoga, a million dollars. Shortly thereafter he became the sole owner of the factory and ancillary industries. Shortly thereafter he became the sole owner of the factory and ancillary industries. The years 1894 to 1896 Nobel lived in Birch Manor Born in Karlskoga, where he worked with his newly acquired weapons factory. The years 1894 Thursday, 1896 Nobel lived in Birch Manor Born in Karlskoga, where he worked with his newly acquired weapons factory. In 1896 he moved his vast scientific-technological laboratory from Paris to his villa in San Remo in Genoa and he lived there until her death. In 1896 he moved his vast scientific-technological laboratory from Paris Thursday his villa in San Remo in Genoa and he lived there until her death.

A conflict between Sweden and France arose when the Nobel Prize will be prosecuted. A conflict between Canada and France arose when the Nobel Prize will be prosecuted. Since the Nobel died at his home in Paris considered the French state to France should be regarded as his homeland. Since the Nobel died at his home in Paris considered the French state to France should be regarded as his home country. But a French court agreed that "where a man has his horses in which he himself feels that he has his home" and Alfred Nobel had their Russian stallions at Birch Born mansion. But a French court agreed that "where a man has his horses in which he himself feels that he has his home" and Alfred Nobel had their Russian stole lions at Birch Born Mansion. Testament tried in Karlskoga Hundred law and the establishment of the Nobel Prize became a reality. Testament tried in Karlskoga Hundred law and the establishment of the Nobel Prize became a reality.

Nobel wrote the play Nemesis, which was published only after his death. Nathan Söderblom, later Archbishop, shocked over the firework content and saw that the whole edition destroyed. Nobel wrote the play Nemesis, which was published only after his death. Nathan Söderblom, later archbishop, shocked over the fire work content and saw that the whole edition destroyed. A few copies left out, but was recovered in the early 1900s. A few copies left out, but was recovered in the early 1900s.

His TOMB can be found at the North cemetery in Stockholm. His Tomb can be found at the North cemetery in Stockholm.